Mankind’s need to go bigger is something that has never changed. With the population increasing to new heights day by day, it’s a constant struggle to find ways to accommodate such a large quantity of people. With governments and environmentalists lobbying for the reduction in deforestation, it reduces the possibilities of constructing more buildings horizontally. Large buildings have generally been used to show off an individual’s rich wealth and power. In some countries they were used to pay respect to leaders or honor religious beliefs. Some of the most iconic and famous buildings in history are the Pyramids in Egypt, the churches and cathedrals in France and such. All of the mentioned buildings have a varying architectural build and design but the common factor that unites them is that masonry was used to build them. The stone walls greatly increased the weight of the entire structure at the base and this constraint limited the height of the buildings.
With the need for vertical spaces, more effort was put into finding a viable solution to this. Two major breakthroughs in the nineteenth century helped spark the trend off. One was the invention of a safe elevator Dubai. They had been invented long before that but they were incredible unsafe and caused the death of many unfortunate people.
This limited the use of them in tall buildings. During these days poor people were generally moved to the top portion of the buildings while the wealthy occupied the bottom. Elisha Graves Otis was the inventor who developed a fool proof braking system that stopped pulleys from crashing down in case the cable snapped. To build up the public trust, he put himself in a lift in New York and asked the cables to be cut. The pulley did brake itself and this increased the faith of the public in the system. As time went on different designs such as hydraulic lifts in Dubai were invented.
The second breakthrough was when Chicago came up with a revolutionary construction method that was sturdy enough to withstand the stress and forces that a tall building would be subjected to. It was here that the world’s first skyscraper was built and hence started the race for the world’s tallest tower. Once this occurred the rich started to move upwards in skyscrapers.
Now during modern times the materials used for the construction of skyscrapers have changed. The outer material should be durable and have a good resistance against the sun and frost. Glass is the most common material used for this purpose due to the fact that they are weather proof and they allow in plenty of light while also being considerably cheaper than other alternatives.